River birch, also called red birch, black birch, or water birch, is the only southern birch that grows in coastal plains. River birch can grow as high as 90 feet. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. The species name generally tells something specific about a plant and for the river birch, it refers to the gray-brown, almost blackish bark. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. Best Suited For. River Birch Trees "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. 'Heritage' river birch is hardy, grows rapidly, but tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) in many urban settings, including street tree plantings. The river birch is native to the Eastern United States, and ranges from as far north as New Hampshire to as far south as northern Florida, and west to Minnesota and Texas. Last night, 4/18/20, my wife wanted to go ‘golfing’ with the kids. River birch is known for its showy exfoliating bark all four seasons. The river birch is uniquely culturally adaptable and heat tolerant. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. Ruby-throated hummingbirds find the sap a tasty treat. Common names are from state and federal lists. Planting river birch trees would most certainly be a helpful service to nature. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org. It adapts well to hot climates and is the only birch found in southern states. Similar Images . Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring . With its graceful weeping branches, it make an excellent ornamental tree and adapts very well to most conditions. Care. "Only the shaggy, brown river birch seems truly adapted to cities, holding its own with urban heat blasts and the deadly borer," said Arthur Plotnik in “The Urban Tree Book.”, "'Heritage' river birch is an excellent selection with superior vigor, larger leaves and greater resistance to leaf spot,” said Michael Dirr in “Trees.”. ‘Heritage,’ a cultivar of the river birch, was more recently selected as the 2002 Tree of the Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists. Trees and shrubs are grown in a 7” tall container (referred to as a 1-gallon pot), and depending on the species will be between 12” and 36”. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil, but needs moist conditions. It is hardy, growing in zones 4-9. Tree experts also echo the praise for the river birch. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. Tolerates a wide range of conditions once established, including heat, moderate drought, wet locations and a high resistance to pests and disease. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. ft. single-family home is a 4 bed, 3.0 bath property. When Prince Maximilian (Emperor of Mexico from 1864-1867) visited the United States, he declared the river birch the most beautiful of American trees. They will tolerate soil that is acidic, neutral, or alkaline, as well as poorly or … The river birch is a fast growing tree, reaching between 40 and 90 feet. River Birch is one of Idaho's most enjoyable public golf courses! I have played this course four times over the last two years and always have a good experience. October 27, 2017. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Add to Likebox #147738127 - Sunrise or sunset in a spring field with green grass, lupine.. see more; Synonyms Betula rubra. PLEASE NOTE: These boxes can be shipped in bundles up to 6. River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. Birds will feed on the seeds of the birch tree, as well as the various caterpillars. The 2,831 sq. River Birch vs. Paper Birch . River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Many species of birds use it to nest, and as a food source. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). River birch (Betula nigra) is a medium-sized tree associated with moist, rich soils along streams, rivers and swampy locations.It is the most common birch native to Iowa. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. View larger image. Photo by Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org. Add to Likebox #147558803 - Bright orange tops of birches in the rays of the setting sun,.. The map divides North America into 13 zones, of 10 degrees each, ranging from … Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. Direct Native Plants supports the United States Postal Service, so your plants will ship via USPS Priority Mail. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. USDA-Zone Map USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. The river birch is naturally found in thickets along rivers, streams and lakeshores. River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. Design Ideas The river birch has a geographical range bigger than any birch in the states. Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. We will be closed until January 4th, and any orders or inquiries received before the 4th will be processed when we return. While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. River Birch Hardiness Zone . View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. It can also be a prominent species found in forested wetland communities and in areas containing moist soil, such as floodplains. These plants are then cut back to fit our packaging, placed in a protective clamshell container (made from recycled materials), and then shipped to you in a cardboard box. Native Americans also found value in the tree’s sap as they boiled it to make a sweetener, much like maple syrup. They offer a nice, yellow fall color and showy exfoliating bark for all seasons. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. After that we start a new package, so keep this in mind if you’re trying to get the best shipping rates. It will grow in loam, clay or sand and is somewhat drought-tolerant. (Birch trees), which is a major insect pest of these trees. Family Betulaceae . Betula nigra L. – river birch Subordinate Taxa. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. Hardiness: Zones 3 through 9 Growth Rate: Moderate to Rapid They grow naturally in wet environments along river and stream banks, so they are used to very moist soil. Click on a place name to get a … Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark, and multi-stemmed trunk. Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. However, it is not very flood-tolerant and may suffer during extended inundation. River birch is hardy, grows rapidly, but tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) in many urban settings, possibly due to inadequate water supply. This home was built in 2018 and last sold on 10/29/2020 for $350,000. Habitat: Found in bottomland areas and along streams in eastern Iowa. #148852175 - Lonely birch on the river bank. River Birch is one of Idaho’s most enjoyable public golf courses! Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. River birch is at home on somewhat poorly drained to well drained soils making it an easy choice for riparian buffers throughout the range of the species. River Birch brings exceptional wildlife value to the landscape – it hosts hundreds of species of caterpillars and moths, such as the Mourning Cloak Butterfly and the majestic Luna Moth (both pictured above). Scattered populations are found along rivers and streams as far north as southern Minnesota, central Wisconsin, and the middle New England States (8). River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America.Paper birch is named for the tree's thin white bark, which often peels in paper like layers from the trunk. The river birch grows to a height of 40–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. The primary range of river birch is the southeastern quarter of the United States from eastern Texas and southeastern Iowa to Virginia and northern Florida. 3,941 were here. This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. Situate the tree so it receives adequate water. River Birch Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. It is an excellent tree as its roots do a great job holding shorelines together, helping to prevent erosion. Orders ship out Monday through Wednesday of each week, and depending on how close you are to our nursery in Maryland, shipping will take anywhere from 1-4 business days. As an added bonus, these will grow where white birches fail to thrive. May be of use in streetscapes where other Birch trees are less suited. River birch looks very similar to the paper birch (Betula papyrifera), but river birch has a better tolerance for warmer climates. A low maintenance tree that is well suited to Australian conditions. It will It can be found extending west to Kansas and east to the coast where proper habitat conditions occur. This plant has no children Legal Status. The river birch is a large deciduous tree, typically growing to 40 to 70 feet tall, but may grow as high as 90 feet. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. We bag the root section of these plants to prevent them from drying out in transit and ship them in a tall cardboard box. Often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark, and multi-stemmed trunk. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. River birch, like other pioneer species, is not particularly pH sensitive and seems to be tolerant of soils that are in the 4.5 to 7.5 range. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. River Birch is more resistant to Agrilus anxius (Bronze Birch Borer) than most Betula spp. Range & Habitat: River Birch is occasional to locally common in southern and west-central Illinois, while in the rest of the state it is uncommon or absent (see Distribution Map ). States include: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ka… The river birch also attracts wildlife, as birds eat its seeds and deer enjoy munching on twigs and foliage. Remote Learning and Resources for Those at Home During COVID-19 Pandemic, Stay Informed With the MSU Extension Newsletter. River birch is hardy through zone 4 on the U.S. Department of Agriculture zone map. Dixie Sandborn, Michigan State University Extension - Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. The river birch is a tree for elven glades and fairy forests. Just wanted to write a review of River Birch Golf Course in Star, ID. Prefers acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Habitat & Range. All-season trees like river birch provide interest to your landscape by changing colors throughout all four seasons. This information is for educational purposes only. River birches like sun to full shade and the soil can be highly acidic to alkaline. At Direct Native Plants, we take many precautions to make sure your plants will arrive in the best condition possible. Our intimate community is conveniently located near shopping, dining, entertainment and within minutes of Lake Wylie and Carowinds Amusement Park. Most other birches do not have this wide of a range, as they do not adapt well to warmer climates. River birches are also resistant to bronze birch borer; other pest may cause minimal damage. They are wind and ice tolerant, adding to their value in the landscape. River Birch is the perfect place to enjoy all the many pleasures of an apartment home community in Charlotte, NC. Paper birch is hardy further north (to zone 2), and its surface bark is a purer white. Known for its excellent course conditions, experienced and friendly staff, reasonable green fees, River Birch puts … While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. The river birch is often found in low-elevation regions from as north as Massachusetts to as south as northern Florida. The multiple, slender trunks are draped in silver, satiny bark that splits to allow the nut-brown inner bark to peep through. Our perennials are grown in a 4” quart-sized pot. 8424 River Birch Loop , Ooltewah, TN 37363-720 is currently not for sale. The USDA Hardiness Zone Map identifies how well plants will withstand the cold winter temperatures. River birches are available in single stem or the more attractive multi-stem forms. Located in Star right off of Highway 16 and Beacon Light Road, River Birch is easily accessible from throughout the Treasure Valley. The river birch is popular in home landscapes and used in parks and commercial properties. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. And by golfing I mean she wanted to drive the cart and watch me play. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Figured boards can be more expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the same price range as maple or oak. Enjoy easy access to major freeways and centers of employment. Website Designed & Hosted By CybergolfCybergolf River birch peel in colorful flakes of brown, salmon, orange and lavender. River Birch Golf Course | 3740 N. Pollard Lane | Star, ID 83669 | (208) 286-0801. Woodpeckers and Nuthatches will search the loose bark for insects. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. I echo Prince Maximilian’s sentiments, as it is a personal favorite of mine as well. Native Americans boiled sap from the tree to use like maple syrup, but in more recent times it was used to make birch beer. Similar Images . River Birch Tree Facts. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States. As its name depicts, this birch is found along stream-sides. It will tolerate wet soils, but prefers moist growing conditions. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. Soil Type: Prefers acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Noteworthy Characteristics. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. 'Heritage' river birch tolerates low soil oxygen, periodic flooding, clay, and prefers moist soil. 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